Novu supports retrying and concurrent requests for POST and PATCH operations, ensuring the safety and reliability of your requests, particularly in scenarios where network issues or communication problems can introduce uncertainty into request outcomes. Idempotent requests are essential for business-critical applications, such as for ensuring only once delivery of your notifications.

This feature will be available with 0.22.0 release.

Performing an Idempotent Request

To make an idempotent request, include the Idempotency-Key: <key> header in your request. The idempotency key should be a unique client-generated value with sufficient entropy to prevent collisions. We recommend using V4 UUIDs as your idempotency keys.

Response Replay

When you make idempotent requests, the API stores the status code and response body from the initial request. If the same idempotency key is used in another request, the API replays the saved response, including for client and server error responses like 400 and 500 errors.

When a response is replayed, an Idempotency-Replay: true header is included in the response.

Validation for Idempotent Requests

Idempotent requests are subject to the following validations:

  1. If the <key> exceeds 255 characters, the API will respond with a 400 Bad Request error.
  2. If the request body does not match the initial request, the API returns a 422 Unprocessable Entity error.
  3. If the initial request is still being processed concurrently and hasn’t yet responded, the API returns a 409 Conflict error along with a Retry-After header.

Key Expiration

Idempotency keys are automatically removed if they are at least 24 hours old. After this period, you can reuse a key, and it will be processed as an initial request and response.